Advantages of Wider Spacing in Coconut Plant

{ Posted on Apr 24 2013 by admin }

Coconut is predominantly cultivated in small and marginal holdings as a monocrop that neither generates gainful employment opportunities for family labour nor sufficient income to meet the family requirement. Coconut as a monocrop does not fully utilize the basic resources such as soil and sunlight in the garden. Wider spacing permits the cultivation of intercrops in the inter space on the ground by cultivating seasonal, biennial and perennial crops. Crops of various canopy heights are planted to utilize maximum vertical air space below and between the coconut canopies. Cultivation of other crops under coconut brings additional income and employment opportunities. It can also cushion the fluctuating income from coconut because of market fluctuation. The environment in irrigated coconut plantations favouirs luxuriant growth of several crops throughout the year due to facourable micro climate of high humidity and favourable soil temperature. Hence it is worthwhile to go in for intercrops in such conditions rather than to invest in labour in clearing the plantation of weeds and other vegetative growth. Some of the popular intercrops that are grown include tuber crops like tapioca, rhizome, spices like ginger and turmeric, cash crops like sugarcane and groundnut, fruits like banana and pineapple and tree spices like nutmeg and cinnamon.

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